Some companies may choose to pay dividends on a regular basis. Use the below tool to find the next payment date. Generally, in order to be eligible for a dividend, a person must purchase shares of the underlying stock prior to the ex-dividend date. Generally, shares can be sold on the ex-dividend date in pre-market, regular, and the after-market trading session without impacting dividend receipt.
Dividends are cash expenses (ie show up on cash flow statements) but do not typically appear in the items associated with the income statement. On the balance sheet, since the dividend is a cash is expense, the total pay out of the dividend is subtracted from the cash and cash equivalents line item on the assets side and retained earnings on the shareholders' equity an liabilities side.
Dividends impact option prices and stock prices. You can learn more in our education section.